ROPRYAL Plan of Events for 2019
Potentially Evaluative Construction with the Element of Justification of the “Net Chtoby Posmotret’” Type
The article is focused on the syntactic and semantic properties of the construction “net chtoby (chtob) Posmotret’”, which indicates the negative evaluation. The author presents and describes three elements of this construction: subject, object, and the basis of evaluation. The relationships of the original and modified structures of the evaluative construction imply the general direction of grammaticalization.
Keywords: construction grammar; semantics; implicit and explicit expression; object of evaluation; motivation of the judgment.
Stock of Idioms in Russian Native Speakers’ Everyday Speech: Gender and Age Aspects
The article describes the stock of idioms of everyday Russian oral speech, studying their gender and age aspects. The analysis is based on the material of the sample from the Sound Corpus of the Russian everyday speech “One Speaker’s Day”, balanced by gender (women and men) and age (native speakers under and over 40 years). Using data comparison of 16 informants “speaker’s days”, we can give a quantitative characteristic of the speech of each sociolect. As a result it turned out that, generally speaking, women and men are using the same number of idioms; however, a group of younger women and a group of older men are more idiom-oriented as compared with elder women and younger men groups. Comparison of different types of stable expressions (dictionary-fixed, modified and occasional, i.e. potential) allows to see the overall picture of modern Russian speech stock of idioms, and also shows its qualitative similarities and differences for different speakers’ groups. The data obtained can be used for constructing some methods of selection and description of the idioms of everyday Russian speech.
Keywords: stock of idioms; speech corpus; everyday speech; potential idiom; modified idiom.
Vitaly G. Kostomarov
The New Approach to Stylistics
Maria P. Kotiurova
Transdisciplinarity of Modern Stylistics in the Epistemic Space of Linguistics
The article is devoted to the transdisciplinary approach to language, developed by Prof. Margarita N. Kozhina’s school; it explains the possibilities of application of this approach, i.e. certain postulates of the related fields, such as science studies, epistemology, psychology of scientific creativity, psycholinguistics, sociopsycholinguistics, and others, to the texts on scientific knowledge. The transdisciplinary approach, illustrated by the example of the semantic structure problem of the scientific text, proved to be productive for the study of various problems of functional style.
Keywords: functional style; transdisciplinary approach; semantic structure of scientific text; culture of written scientific speech; editing of scientific text.
Victor I. Shakhovsky
Emotional Worldview of the in Verbal Presentation
The article explores main issues of the types (kinds) of worldviews (the pictures of the world), provides the list of their nomenclature, and discerns the emotional worldview as a part of the language one. The author proves the impossibility and biased nature of the common language / emotional worldview, and suggests a new notion of “Russian emotional worldview”.
Keywords: linguistic worldview (picture of the world); emotional worldview; communicative emotional person; emotional reflection; Russian emotional worldview.
Irina T. Vepreva, Natalia A. Kupina
The Color of Mood is Blue: Creative Potential of Color Metaphor
The article presents an analysis of “The color of mood is blue” phrase, which is the beginning of the popular song performed by Philip Kirkorov. The Russian National Corpus proves that this phrase is becoming a demanded precedent text. The phenomenon of precedence in this case is connected, on the one hand, with an irregular creative idea, and on the other hand, with the melodiousness of the phrase. The authors have demonstrated transformations both of form and content of this color metaphor in the media and advertising texts.
Keywords: metaphor, precedent text, color symbol, formal and content transformation.
Natalia A. Afanasyeva
Imagery Parallels in Mythological and Poetic Consciousness, as Exemplified by Parallels with the ‘Thunderstorm’ and ‘Clouds’ Lexical Items
The article compares and analyzes figurative parallels of the lexical units ‘thunder’ and ‘cloud’ in the ancient Slavic mythology (based on the works by Alexander N. Afanasyev) and in the Russian poetry of the 18th–20th centuries, confirming that mythological and poetic consciousnesses share some common features.
Keywords: poetic and mythological consciousnesses; imagery parallels.
INTERACTION OF LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
Elena V. Sokolova
Information Structure of the Literary Text of Small Prose Forms: Features of its Structure and Methodological Potential
The article analyses the information structure of the modern and classical stories on the material of the works by Anton Chekhov and Russian writers of the 21st century, and reveals some analogies and contrasts in the ways and stages of information modification and the methodological potential of the cognitive approach to the linguistic text analysis in the perspective of teaching Russian for foreigners.
Keywords: information; modification; text; composition; fact.
Memory Phraseology in Poetic Language of Nikolai Nekrasov and Anna Akhmatova
The article studies some collocations with the semantic component of ‘memory’ in the poetic language of Nikolai Nekrasov and Anna Akhmatova, uncovering in their works common and individual phraseological units with the meanings of ‘memory’ / ‘oblivion’, and defining the role of these units in the creation of individual poetic style, features of similarity and distinction, and frequency of their use. The author argues that the phraseology of memory reflects poets’ worldviews, characterizes their relation to time, and creates a special feeling.
Keywords: Nikolai A. Nekrasov; Anna A. Akhmatova; collocation; poetic phraseology; individual style; semantic component; internal form.
Irina V. Rakova
Addressing the Speech in Memoir Text of the 20th–21st Century Literature: Literary Device of Ego Documents, on the Material of the Works by Jury Trifonov, Georgy Ball and Leonid Menaker
The author argues that in modern linguistics so called personal or ego documents acquire special significance as a new type of attention to the past through private memory. The article highlights, firstly, the problem of the means by which perception of personal history as a general one occurs, and secondly, the problem of the speech devices allowing to introduce the private human document into the public sphere and bringing readers to share author’s experience. The analysis of some 20th and 21st century ego documents reveals some syntactic and lexical means of narrator’s addressing, allowing to imagine the addressee as a somebody close to the sender, existing in the same sphere with him. The result of such contingence of consiousnesses is a special discourse, in which the author still preserving the form of narration, may generalize it and fill it with the content of somebody else’s mind. One may suggest, that it is the case of typological duality of the narration, responsible for the transfer of memory to the literary text, which is a distinctive feature of ego documents.
Keywords: addressing; lexemes with substantively pronominal semantics; universal statements; principle of empathy; typological duality of the narration.
Hesham Mohammed Mahmoud
The Arab East on the “Mental Map” of Dina Rubina: Imagological Aspect: on the material of the novella “Fog”
The article attempts to analyze the imagological image of the Arab East in the post-Russian prose of the Russian-speaking writer Dina Rubina on the material of the “Fog” novella (2008). The analysis is carried out within the framework of literary imagology. The imagological approach becomes especially productive when considering the peculiarity of the functioning and presentation of the Arab component in the post-Russian prose of Dina Rubina. The author examines also the discursive concepts, in which the writer’s conception of the Arab East is built.
Keywords: Dina Rubina; the image of Arab East; imagological image; stereotypes; literary imagology.
RUSSIAN LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY
Ekaterina N. Vinogradova, Liubov P. Klobukova
Some Linguodidactic Problems of Prepositional Description on B1 Level (Common Language) of Russian as a Foreign Language. Article 2. The Program and the Basic Dictionary
The article elicits bottlenecks arising while selecting lexico-semantic variants of the prepositions to be included into B1 level (common language) teaching content alongside with some moot points of prepositional presentation in such important standard methodical documents of this level as the Program and the Basic dictionary.
Keywords: preposition; lexico-semantic variant; Russian as a foreign language tests; level B1; common language; Basic dictionary; Requirements; Program.
Aleksandr V. Savchenko, Mikhail S. Khmelevski
The Russian Language in the Slavic World: “Who is the Hardest One All Over the World?…”: Comparative Analysis of Slavic Languages in the Aspect of Teaching
The article provides a brief comparative linguistic analysis of Russian language against the background of other Slavic languages in the aspect of teaching and learning, as well as in terms of the stereotypical perception of the Russian language as “the most difficult one”. The comparative plan provides an opportunity to look at the Russian language more objectively and mark the grammatical positions, which in other Slavic languages present greater difficulties for students.
Keywords: Slavic languages; grammar of Slavic languages; graphics; phonetics; morphology; lexis; Russian as a foreign language.
Elena V. Khvorost’ianova
The Poetic Text as an Educational and Methodical Material in Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language
The author argues that a poetic text is traditionally perceived by a foreign audience as the most difficult to read and understand, and therefore is rarely used in the process of teaching Russian as a foreign language. But, in the author’s opinion, poetic texts provide methodically grateful material that actively stimulates the development of the Russian language improving.
Keywords: methodology; Russian language; poetic text; rhythmic structure.
Victor I. Shakhovsky’s Jubilee
Distinguished Professor of Moscow State University Maya V. Vsevolodova’s Jubilee
Nina A. Liubimova’s Jubilee
“By Work and Knowledge”: a Speech, Devoted to the Jubilee of Professor Raisa K. Bozhenkova
PRESENTING NEW BOOKS. REVIEWS
Tatiana G. Nikitina —
Fedotova, N. L.; Feoklistova, V. M. Wow! The Textbook on Russian Conversational Speech for Foreigners (B+, C1). St. Petersburg: LEMA, 2018. 74 p.
Turgenev Studies Today: Results and Problems of Exploring Writer’s Creative Work
RUSSIA… PEOPLES, LANGUAGES, CULTURES
Nikolai A. Karpov
Vladimir Nabokov: a Way to Immortality through the Word
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